29 Jul 2023
Transforming Canine Lives: In a groundbreaking interview, Dr.Ashlesha Dave, Director of Blue 7 Vets, reveals the cutting-edge advancements in canine hip replacement, offering hope and mobility for furry companions.
1. Can you tell us about the new clinical procedure for hip replacement in dogs and how it can benefit our furry companions?
Dr.Ashlesha Dave: The introduction of this cutting-edge technique for hip replacement in dogs in actual veterinary practice was a much-needed advancement in Indian veterinary medicine and Veterinary Orthopaedic World. Hip replacement surgery, also known as total hip replacement, is a surgical procedure that involves replacing a damaged or diseased hip joint with an artificial implant. This procedure involves state-of-the-art technology and Advanced Equipments, Operation Theatre Meeting International Standards, and a Skilled Veterinary Orthopedic Surgeons Team along with proper Post-Op Hospitalisation care for 3 to 5 days to ensure the successful procedure further providing effective relief for canines suffering from hip dysplasia or joint-related issues like Arthritis.
2. How does this breakthrough in hip-replacement surgery enhance the quality of life for dogs, particularly those suffering from hip-related issues?
Dr.Ashlesha Dave:The advantages of this technique are manifold, significantly improving the quality of life for our furry companions. By alleviating pain and enhancing mobility, dogs can enjoy increased physical activity, allowing them to lead more active and joyful lives. This innovative procedure has become a beacon of hope for pet owners, as it offers a promising solution to address hip problems and ensures a better future for our beloved four-legged friends.
3. What are the common signs and symptoms that pet owners should look out for, indicating that their dogs may require hip-replacement surgery?
Dr.Ashlesha Dave: Pet parents should be vigilant for certain signs and symptoms in their dogs that may indicate the need for total hip replacement surgery. Some of the key indicators include:
1. Lameness or limping: Persistent limping or favoring one hind leg over the other is a common sign of hip joint pain or dysfunction.
2. Decreased activity: If a previously active and energetic dog becomes less willing to participate in physical activities, such as running or playing, it could be due to hip discomfort.
3. Stiffness and difficulty rising: Dogs with hip issues may experience difficulty getting up from a lying or sitting position, appearing stiff and reluctant to move.
4. Altered gait: A noticeable change in the dog’s gait, such as a swaying motion or “bunny-hopping” with the hind legs, may indicate hip problems.
5. Audible clicking or popping: Clicking or popping sounds coming from the hip joint during movement might be a sign of joint deterioration.
6. Muscle wasting: Dogs with hip issues may develop muscle atrophy (wasting) in the hindquarters due to reduced activity and mobility.
7. Pain or sensitivity: Dogs may show signs of pain when the hip joint is touched or manipulated.
8. Reluctance to jump or climb stairs: Avoiding activities that require putting weight on the hind legs, like jumping or climbing stairs, may be an indication of hip discomfort.
If pet parents observe any of these signs or suspect their dog is experiencing hip-related problems, they should consult a veterinarian promptly. The vet will conduct a thorough physical examination, possibly perform diagnostic imaging like X-rays, and recommend appropriate treatment options, which may include total hip replacement surgery if the condition warrants it. Early detection and intervention can greatly improve the dog’s quality of life and increase the chances of a successful recovery after surgery.
4. Could you explain the process involved in a hip-replacement surgery for dogs, and what pet owners can expect before, during, and after the procedure?
Dr.Ashlesha Dave: As I said earlier this surgical procedure involves replacing a damaged or diseased hip joint with an artificial implant. The surgery is typically performed when a dog suffers from severe hip dysplasia, osteoarthritis, or other conditions that cause significant pain and limit mobility.
Once your Orthopedic Veterinarian recommends this procedure for your Pet, He/She will advise conducting a pre-anesthetic evaluation for your pet, they may require to conduct a CT/MRI of the affected joint or the entire limb to ensure that they are not missing on to anything.
During the procedure, the veterinarian will make an incision over the hip joint, carefully accessing the affected area. The damaged parts of the hip joint, including the femoral head (the ball-shaped top of the thigh bone) and the acetabulum (the socket in the pelvis), are removed. These are then replaced with prosthetic components designed to replicate the natural hip joint’s structure and function.
The prosthetic components usually consist of a metal femoral stem, a metal or ceramic femoral head, and a socket. These materials are selected for their durability and biocompatibility to ensure long-lasting joint functionality.
Hip replacement surgery aims to restore the dog’s hip joint’s smooth movement, reduce pain, and improve overall joint function. After the procedure, a period of rehabilitation and controlled activity is essential to help the dog adapt to the new joint and regain strength in the surrounding muscles.
It’s important to note that hip replacement surgery is a complex procedure and should only be performed by skilled and experienced veterinary surgeons. Proper post-operative care and follow-up are crucial for the dog’s successful recovery and long-term well-being.
5. What sets your clinic apart in terms of expertise and facilities when it comes to performing hip-replacement surgeries for dogs?
Dr.Ashlesha Dave: As we discussed earlier this procedure involves state-of-the-art technology and Advanced equipments, Operation Theatre Meeting International Standards, and off course Skilled Veterinary Orthopedic Surgeons Team along with proper Post-Op Hospitalisation care for 3 to 5 days to ensure a successful procedure. Fortunately after a lot of efforts particularly by our Chief Of Surgery Department, Dr Vikram Dave we can provide and meet all the above requirements.
6. Can you discuss the recovery and rehabilitation process following hip-replacement surgery, including any precautions or care instructions that pet owners need to be aware of?
Dr.Ashlesha Dave: After undergoing total hip replacement surgery, post-operative care and rehabilitation play a critical role in ensuring a successful recovery for the pet. The initial phase involves closely monitoring the dog’s incision site for signs of infection and keeping the area clean and dry. Pet is hospitalised for 3 to 5 days. Pain management is also essential during this time to alleviate discomfort. Controlled activity is crucial, with short leash walks encouraged to gradually reintroduce weight-bearing on the affected limb. Physical therapy exercises prescribed by the veterinarian aid in rebuilding muscle strength and joint function. As the healing progresses, the dog’s activity level can gradually increase, but high-impact activities should be avoided. Regular follow-up visits with the veterinarian allow for progress assessment and necessary adjustments to the rehabilitation plan. With patience and commitment to post-operative care, the pet can regain mobility, achieve improved joint function, and enjoy a better quality of life following total hip replacement surgery.
7. How long does it typically take for dogs to fully recover and regain their mobility after a successful hip-replacement surgery?
Dr.Ashlesha Dave: The recovery period for dogs after a successful hip replacement surgery can vary depending on several factors, including the dog’s age, overall health, the extent of joint damage before surgery, and the effectiveness of post-operative care and rehabilitation. In general, most dogs start showing improvements in mobility within a few weeks after surgery.
During the first few weeks, the focus is on managing pain, allowing the incision site to heal, and gradually introducing controlled activity. Physical therapy exercises are crucial during this phase to strengthen muscles around the hip joint and promote a range of motion.
8. What kind of post-operative support and follow-up care does your clinic provide to ensure the best possible outcomes for dogs undergoing hip-replacement surgery?
Dr.Ashlesha Dave: The First few days of post op-care are very crucial. We have a 24*7 Hospitalisation and critical care facility which takes care of initial medical requirements and aids. Once patients are discharged our team ensures regular follow-up and Tele checks to make sure everything is on point. Our expert team of surgeons is available 24*7 in case any issue arises.
9. What advice would you give to pet owners who may be considering hip-replacement surgery for their dogs but are unsure or hesitant about the procedure?
Dr.Ashlesha Dave: For pet parents considering hip replacement surgery for their dogs, I highly recommend scheduling a discussion/consultation with our experienced orthopaedic team keeping your Primary Vet in the loop. Our dedicated specialists will be happy to listen to your concerns, thoroughly explain the surgical process, and address any doubts or questions you may have. Our team is committed to providing personalised care and making informed decisions in the best interest of your furry companion’s health and well-being.
10. Finally, what message would you like to convey to pet owners who may be dealing with dogs suffering from hip-related issues and are seeking a solution to improve their pets' quality of life?
Dr.Ashlesha Dave: We understand that considering total hip replacement surgery for your beloved pet can be a big decision. We want to assure you that this technique is widely used in human medicine due to its numerous benefits, and now, it has become increasingly prevalent in veterinary medicine as well. With arthritis being a significant concern for our furry companions, it not only affects the quality of life of the pet but as a family, it’s a painful experience to see your pet deteriorating and succumbing to this disease.
Human side there is a lot of awareness about this procedure, However in veterinary practice creating awareness regarding Hip Issues and arthritis in general is very important. I’m happy that petzcareindia is doing its best by addressing this. I request pet parent discuss any queries regarding this you may have and we will be happy to assist you.