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From Gear to Location: A Complete Guide to Preparing for Birdwatching in India 2023


29 Apr 2023

Unleash Your Inner Explorer: Embark on a Journey of Discovery with Birdwatching in India.

Birdwatching, or "birding" as it's affectionately called by those in the know, is a popular hobby that brings together people from all walks of life. Whether you're a retired professor with a lifetime of ornithological knowledge or a college student just looking for a fun way to spend a Saturday morning, birding has something to offer everyone. And let's be real, who doesn't love the idea of spending a few hours in nature, binoculars in hand, searching for that elusive feathered friend?

Now, you might be thinking, "Birdwatching? That sounds like the kind of thing my grandparents would do." But trust us, there's nothing old-fashioned about birding. It's a hobby that's experiencing a bit of a renaissance thanks to the rise of social media and citizen science projects.

So whether you're a seasoned birder or a newcomer to the hobby, grab your field guide and join us as we explore the wonderful world of birdwatching. Who knows, you might just discover a newfound appreciation for the avian species and a new hobby to pass the time!

A little history of Bird watching before we dive down into some serious business:

Birdwatching, or the observation of birds in their natural habitats, has been a popular pastime for centuries. Humans have likely been watching birds since the dawn of our species. Ancient Egyptians, for example, depicted birds in their artwork and believed that certain species had divine qualities.

However, the modern form of birdwatching as a hobby began to take shape in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The development of binoculars and field guides made it easier for birdwatchers to identify and observe birds from a distance, and the rise of the conservation movement led to a greater appreciation for the natural world.

One of the first organized birdwatching clubs was the Audubon Society, which was founded in 1886 and named after the famous ornithologist John James Audubon. The society aimed to promote the conservation of birds and other wildlife through education and advocacy, and it remains one of the most influential environmental organizations in the world.

Birdwatching continued to grow in popularity throughout the 20th century, and today it's estimated that millions of people around the world participate in the hobby. In addition to providing enjoyment and a connection to nature, birdwatching has also contributed to our understanding of birds and their habitats and has played an important role in conservation efforts.

Benefits of Bird Watching: Humans and Birds

Bird watching, also known as birding, has many benefits for both birds and humans. Here are some of the key benefits:

Benefits for Birds:

1.       Conservation: Bird watching helps raise awareness about the importance of protecting bird habitats and conservation efforts. This, in turn, helps to conserve bird populations and their habitats.

2.       Monitoring: Birdwatchers often keep records of bird sightings and contribute to citizen science projects that monitor bird populations, migration patterns, and behavior.

3.       Education: Bird watching provides an opportunity to learn about different bird species, their behavior, and their ecological role in the environment. This knowledge is essential for conservation efforts.

Benefits for Humans:

1.       Health: Bird-watching encourages spending time outdoors and engaging in physical activity, which has been linked to better physical and mental health.

2.       Stress Reduction: Watching birds and immersing oneself in nature can help reduce stress, anxiety, and depression.

Let's find out some techniques used by Bird watchers:

Birdwatchers, or birders, use a variety of techniques to observe and identify birds in their natural habitats. Here are some common techniques used by birdwatchers:

1.   Binoculars: Binoculars are an essential tool for birdwatchers, as they allow for a closer view of birds in the field. Birders typically use binoculars with magnification powers of 8x or 10x, and some may also use spotting scopes for long-distance viewing.

2.   Field Guides: Field guides are books or apps that provide information on bird identification, behavior, and habitat. Birdwatchers use field guides to help identify birds based on their physical characteristics and behaviors.

3.   Bird Calls: Many bird species have distinctive calls or songs that can help birdwatchers identify them. Some birders learn to recognize these calls and use them as a tool for identifying birds in the field.

4.   Birding by Ear: Similar to using bird calls, some birders focus on identifying birds by their songs and calls. This technique can be particularly useful in dense vegetation or when birds are hidden from view.

5.   Photography: Bird photography has become increasingly popular among birdwatchers. Many birders use cameras to capture images of birds in the field, which can then be used for identification or shared with others.

6.  Citizen Science: Birdwatchers can also contribute to scientific research by participating in citizen science projects. These projects may involve counting bird populations, tracking migration patterns, or monitoring bird behavior.

These are just a few of the techniques used by birdwatchers, and many birders may combine several of these techniques in their observations. The goal of birdwatching is to observe and appreciate birds in their natural habitats, while also contributing to our understanding and conservation of these important species.

Bird Watching organized by Kanniyakumari Nature Foundation

Some Organisations in India encourage Bird watching:

India has a rich diversity of bird species, with over 1300 recorded species, making it an attractive destination for birdwatchers from around the world. In recent years, there has been a growing interest in birdwatching among Indians as well, with a number of birdwatching societies and organizations springing up across the country.

One such organization is the Indian Bird Conservation Network (IBCN), which is a network of birdwatchers and conservationists who work to promote the conservation of birds and their habitats in India. The IBCN conducts regular birdwatching field trips, workshops, and events across the country, and also conducts research and advocacy work for bird conservation.

In addition to the IBCN, there are a number of other birdwatching societies and groups in India, such as the Delhi Birdwatching Society, Mumbai Birdwatchers Club, and Bangalore Birdwatchers Club. These groups organize regular field trips and birdwatching events, as well as workshops and talks on bird identification, behavior, and conservation.

India has also seen the growth of ecotourism centered around birdwatching, with a number of birding hotspots across the country. These include places like Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary in Rajasthan, Keoladeo National Park in Uttar Pradesh, and the Western Ghats in south India, which attract thousands of birdwatchers every year.

Overall, birdwatching in India is growing in popularity, and there are many opportunities for birdwatchers to participate in field trips, workshops, and other events. With the help of these organizations and efforts towards conservation, India can continue to protect its rich birdlife for generations to come.

Steps to consider joining the above groups:

If you're interested in joining a birdwatching group or society in India, here are some steps you can take:

1.       Research: Look up birdwatching groups and societies in your area or region of interest. You can do this by searching online or checking social media platforms such as Facebook or Twitter.

2.       Contact: Once you have found a group or society that interests you, reach out to them via email or social media to inquire about membership and upcoming events.

3.       Attend events: Many birdwatching societies and groups hold regular events such as birdwatching walks, workshops, and talks. Attend some of these events to get a feel for the group and to meet other birdwatchers.

4.       Participate: Participate in events and field trips organized by the group. This will not only help you learn more about birdwatching but also allow you to meet other birdwatchers and contribute to conservation efforts.

5.       Join: If you find that the group is a good fit for you, inquire about membership and the benefits that come with it. Many groups charge a membership fee, which helps support their activities and conservation efforts.

By joining a birdwatching group or society in India, you can connect with other birdwatchers, learn more about bird identification, behavior, and conservation, and contribute to efforts to protect India's rich birdlife.

Any Age requirement in India to join Bird Watching?

Most birdwatching societies and groups in India do not have a minimum age requirement for membership. However, it is important to note that many birdwatching activities require a certain level of physical fitness and endurance, such as long walks or hikes in natural areas.

Therefore, it is important for younger members to be accompanied by a responsible adult and to take necessary precautions while participating in birdwatching activities. Some societies may also require parental consent for minors to participate in their events.

In general, it is recommended that children under the age of 12 be accompanied by an adult when participating in birdwatching activities. Younger children may also benefit from participating in birdwatching activities that are specifically designed for their age group, such as bird-themed nature walks or bird-related art projects.

Overall, birdwatching is a hobby that can be enjoyed by people of all ages, and many birdwatching societies and groups welcome members of all ages. However, it is important to prioritize safety and to make sure that younger members are accompanied by a responsible adult.

Tips for a Beginner to the Bird watching Hobby:

If you're a beginner interested in birdwatching in India, here are some steps you can take to prepare:

1.   Get the right gear: A good pair of binoculars is essential for birdwatching. Make sure to invest in a quality pair that suits your needs and budget. A field guide and a notebook to record your sightings are also useful.

2.  Join a birdwatching group or club: Joining a local birdwatching group or club can be a great way to learn from experienced birders and discover new birding spots. Many birdwatching clubs also organize field trips and events that can help you get started.

3.  Learn the basics: Familiarize yourself with the common bird species in your area, their habits, and calls. A field guide can be a helpful resource for this.

4. Choose the right location and time: Research the best birding locations in your area and choose a time when birds are most active, such as early morning or late afternoon.

5.  Be patient and observant: Birdwatching requires patience and observation. Spend some time in a quiet spot, listen for bird calls, and watch for movement in the trees and bushes.

Remember that birdwatching is a hobby that requires practice and dedication. With time and experience, you'll develop the skills and knowledge to become a skilled birder.

Best Time and some essentials to carry for a birdwatching trip in India:

1.  Binoculars: A good pair of binoculars is essential for birdwatching. Look for binoculars with a magnification of at least 8x and an objective lens size of 40mm or larger.

2.  Field guide: A field guide is a book that contains information about bird species, including their appearance, behavior, and habitat. It can be helpful for identifying birds in the field.

3.   Appropriate clothing: Dress in comfortable and breathable clothing that is appropriate for the weather conditions. Wear sturdy shoes or hiking boots for walking on uneven terrain.

4.  Sun protection: Carry a hat, sunscreen, and sunglasses to protect yourself from the sun.

5.   Water and snacks: Carry plenty of water and snacks to keep yourself hydrated and energized.

6.   Insect repellent: Carry insect repellent to protect yourself from mosquito bites and other insects.

7.   Camera: A camera can be helpful for capturing photos of birds and their habitats.

The best season for birdwatching in India varies depending on the region. Generally, the winter months (November to February) are considered the best for birdwatching, as many migratory birds visit India during this time. However, the monsoon season (June to September) can also be a good time for birdwatching, particularly in areas with lush vegetation and water bodies. The summer months (March to May) can be hot, but can also be a good time for observing birds that are active during the day. It is always a good idea to check the weather and birdwatching conditions before planning a trip.

Western Ghats : Endemic birds
Western Ghats : Endemic birds

India : Growing Destination for Bird Watchers

India is a vast country with diverse habitats, and there are many interesting places for birdwatching. Here are some regions that are known for their birdwatching hotspots:

1. Western Ghats: The Western Ghats, a mountain range that runs along the western coast of India, is a biodiversity hotspot with many endemic bird species. The forests of the Western Ghats are home to birds like the Malabar Trogon, Nilgiri Wood Pigeon, and the Sri Lanka Frogmouth.

2.   Northeast India: The northeastern region of India is home to many bird species that are not found elsewhere in the country. The forests of Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, and Meghalaya are home to birds like the Great Indian Hornbill, Wreathed Hornbill, and Rufous-necked Hornbill.

3.   Rajasthan: The state of Rajasthan, in western India, is home to many species of raptors and desert birds. The Sariska Tiger Reserve, Keoladeo National Park, and the Thar Desert are some popular birdwatching destinations in Rajasthan.

4.  Gujarat: Gujarat, in western India, is home to many migratory birds that visit the state during the winter months. The Nalsarovar Bird Sanctuary, Khijadiya Bird Sanctuary, and the Great Rann of Kutch are some popular birdwatching destinations in Gujarat.

5.  Andaman and Nicobar Islands: The Andaman and Nicobar Islands, located in the Bay of Bengal, are home to many endemic bird species. The islands are also a stopover for many migratory birds.

These are just a few regions in India that are known for their birdwatching hotspots. There are many other regions and parks that offer excellent opportunities for birdwatching, including Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary, Kaziranga National Park, and the Himalayan region.

Challenges in India Birdwatchers face :

Despite the growing popularity of birdwatching in India, there are still some challenges that birdwatchers face. Here are some of the main challenges:

1. Habitat Loss: The loss and degradation of natural habitats due to urbanization, industrialization, and other human activities is one of the biggest threats to bird populations in India. This makes it difficult for birdwatchers to find and observe birds in their natural habitats.

2.   Pollution: Pollution, including air and water pollution, is also a major threat to bird populations in India. It can affect the health of birds and their habitats, making it harder for birdwatchers to observe them.

3.  Lack of Awareness: Many people in India are not aware of the importance of bird conservation and the role that birdwatchers can play in monitoring and protecting bird populations. This can make it difficult to promote birdwatching and conservation efforts.

4.  Illegal Trade: Illegal trade in birds and bird products is a significant problem in India, and can lead to the depletion of bird populations. This can make it difficult for birdwatchers to observe certain species in the wild.

5.  Lack of Infrastructure: In some areas of India, there is a lack of infrastructure to support birdwatching activities, such as trails, hides, and other facilities that make it easier to observe birds in the wild.

6.  Safety Concerns: In some areas of India, there may be safety concerns for birdwatchers due to conflicts with wildlife or other security issues.

Overall, while birdwatching is a popular and growing hobby in India, there are still several challenges that need to be addressed in order to promote bird conservation and make it easier for birdwatchers to observe and enjoy birds in the wild.

Rare Bird in India: Please send us your photograph if you find one

Himalyan Mountain Quail
Himalyan Mountain Quail

There are many rare and elusive bird species in India. One such species is the Himalayan Quail (Ophrysia superciliosa), which is listed as critically endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). The Himalayan Quail is a ground-dwelling bird that is endemic to the Western Himalayas in India. It was last sighted in 1876, and there have been only a few unconfirmed sightings since then.

Rhinoptilus bitorquatus
Rhinoptilus bitorquatus

Another elusive bird in India is the Jerdon's Courser (Rhinoptilus bitorquatus), which is listed as critically endangered by the IUCN. The Jerdon's Courser is a nocturnal bird that is found only in a few locations in the Eastern Ghats in Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. It is difficult to spot due to its secretive nature and nocturnal habits.

If you are lucky, you may be able to spot these rare birds in their natural habitats. However, it is important to remember that these birds are rare and endangered, and it is essential to respect their habitats and avoid disturbing them. It is also a good idea to check with local birdwatching guides and experts for advice on the best places to spot these birds.


Birdwatching is a fascinating hobby that offers numerous benefits, both for birds and humans. It provides an opportunity to appreciate the beauty and diversity of birds, learn about their behavior and habitats, and contribute to their conservation. Birdwatching also offers a chance to connect with nature and escape from the stresses of modern life.

As the famous American ornithologist Roger Tory Peterson once said, "Birds are indicators of the environment. If they are in trouble, we know we'll soon be in trouble." By observing and documenting bird populations and their habitats, birdwatchers play a vital role in monitoring and conserving the environment. Their contributions help to protect not only birds but also the ecosystems that support them.

Whether you are a seasoned birdwatcher or a beginner, there is always something new to discover and learn about birds. So grab your binoculars, pack your field guide and head out to explore the fascinating world of birds. As John James Audubon, the renowned American naturalist, once said, "The world of nature is magnificent and wonderful, but it becomes even more extraordinary when we have the means to appreciate it."

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